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Formosa EA, Kishimoto V, Orchanian-Cheff A, Hayman K. (2020). Emergency department interventions for homelessness: a systematic review. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 1-12. doi:10.1007/s43678-020-00008-4

Kirubarajan A, Khan S, Got T, Yau M, Bryan JM, Friedman SM. Mask shortage during epidemics and pandemics: a scoping review of interventions to overcome limited supply. BMJ Open, 2020; 10(11): 1-25. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040547 

Loutet MG, Zhang J, Varsaneux O, Ferguson A, Hulme J, Stone S, Oldenburger D, Piggott T. (2020). Using Experiential Simulation-Based Learning to Increase Engagement in Global Health Education: an Evaluation of Self-reported Participant Experience. Medical Science Educator. 30, 1245-1253. doi:10.1007/s40670-020-00999-w

Lexchin J. Would pharmacare spell trouble for drug companies? Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, August 5, 2020. View article here: []

Kim D, Jelic T, Woo M, Heslop C, Olszynski P. (2020). Just the Facts: Recommendations on point-of-care ultrasound use and machine infection control during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. CJEM, 22(4), 445-449. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.364

Hoyeck P, Wiercigroch D, Clarke C, Moineddin R, Sheikh H, Hulme J. (2020). Understanding current practice of opioid use disorder management in emergency departments across Canada: A cross-sectional study. CJEM, 22(4), 494-498. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.362

McLaren J, Hayman K, Sheikh H. (2020). CAEP Position Statement – Sick notes for minor illness. CJEM, 22(4), 475-476. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.53

Tawadrous D, Doran S, Davis M. (2020). Use of a smartphone plant identification application in a toxic plant ingestion. CJEM, 22(4), 549-551. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.30

Perry LT, Bhasale A, Fabbri A, Lexchin J, Puil L, Joarder M, Mintzes, B. A descriptive analysis of medicines safety advisories issued by national medicines regulators in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States - 2007 to 2016. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 2020. doi:10.1002/pds.5072

Jarvis J, Lexchin J. WHO’s COVID-19 technology access pool deserves Canada’s support. Policy Options July 14, 2020. Available at:

Lexchin J. COVID-19: still much to learn. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2020;113(7):244. doi: 10.1177/0141076820932878

Wright JK, Tan DH, Walmsley SL, Hulme J, O’Connor E, Snider C, Cheng I, Chan AK, Borgundvaag B, McLeod S, Gollob MH, Clarke RJ, Dresser L, Haji F, Mazzulli  T, Mubareka S, Jüni P, Lee D, Tomlinson G, Kain K, Landes, M. (2020). Protecting Frontline Health Care Workers from COVID-19 with Hydroxychloroquine Pre-exposure Prophylaxis: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised placebo-controlled multisite trial in Toronto, Canada. Trials, 21(1), 1-3. doi:10.1186/s13063-020-04577-8

Dharamsi A, Hayman K, Yi S, Chow R, Yee C, Gaylord E, Tawadrous D, Chartier LB, Landes M. (2020). Enhancing departmental preparedness for COVID-19 using rapid cycle in situ simulation. Journal of Hospital Infection. 105(4), 604-607. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2020.06.020.

Dion D, Mosleh-Shirazi, Lexchin J. Quality of advertisements for prescription drugs in family practice medical journals published in Australia, Canada and the USA with different regulatory controls: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 2020;10:e034993. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2019-034993. 

Bhayana R, Wang CD, Menezes RJ, Bartlett ES, Choi J. (2020). Optimising after-hours workflow of computed tomography orders in the emergency department. BMJ open quality, 9(3), e000969.

Hansen K, Boyle A, Holroyd B, Phillips G, Benger J, Chartier LB, Lecky F, Vaillancourt S, Cameron P, Waligora G, Kurland L, Truesdale M, on behalf of the IFEM Quality and Safety Special Interest Group (2020). Updated framework on quality and safety in emergency medicine. Emergency Medicine Journal 2020;37:437-442.

Friedman N, Scolnik D, McMurray L, Bryan J. (2020). Acquired methemoglobinemia presenting to the pediatric emergency department: a clinical challenge. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 1-5. 

Barth D, Nemec RM, Cho DD, Slomer A, Cojocari E, Kim K, McLean L, Patriquin CJ. (2020). The practical integration of a hybrid model of ultrasound‐guided peripheral venous access in a large apheresis center. Journal of Clinical Apheresis.

Lexchin J. (2020). "As U.S. buys up remdesivir, ‘vaccine nationalism’ threatens access to COVID-19 treatments".

Moynihan R, Albarqouni L, Nangla C, Dunn AG, Lexchin J, Bero L. Financial ties between leaders of influential US professional medical associations and industry: cross sectional study. BMJ, 2020; 369:m1505.

Lexchin J. Key opinion leaders and the control of knowledge. In: Allen DM, Howell JWeds. Groupthink in science: greed, pathological altruism, ideology, competition, and culture. Springer, 2020; 143-152. 

James R, Lexchin J. After COVID-19’s tragic roll, Canada must improve quality of life in long-term care homes. The Conversation. June 7, 2020. Available at:

Elder K, Turner KA, Cosgrove L, Lexchin J, Shnier A, Moore A, Straus S, Thombs BD. Reporting of financial conflicts of interest by Canadian clinical practice guideline producers: a descriptive study. CMAJ, 2020; 192:E617-E625. doi: 

Sanford S, Schwartz B, Khan Y. The role of tacit knowledge in communication and decision-making during emerging public health incidents. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2020; 101681. doi:

Aubry T, Bloch G, Brcic V, Saad A, Magwood O, Abdalla T, Alkhateeb Q, Xie E, Mathew C, Hannigan T, Costello C, Thavorn K, Stergiopoulos V, Tugwell P, Pottie E. Effectiveness of permanent supportive housing and income assistance interventions for homeless individuals in high-income countries: a systematic review. The Lancet Public Health, 2020; 5(6): e342-e360. doi:

Lexchin J. Drug Promotion in India Since 2000: Problems Remain. International Journal of Health Services, 2020; doi:

Lexchin J. Development Time and Patent Extension for Prescription Drugs in Canada: A Cohort Study. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 2020; doi:10.34172/ijhpm.2020.100 

Lexchin J. Health Canada's Proposal to Accelerate New Drug Reviews. Healthcare Policy, 2020; 15(4), 26-34. doi:10.12927/hcpol.2020.26227

Friedman SM, Porplycia D. STAR-EM: An innovative summer research program for medical students. CJEM, 2020; 1-4. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.366

Wiercigroch D, Ben-Yakov M, Friedman SM. Regional anesthesia in Canadian emergency departments: emergency physician practices, perspectives and barriers to use. CJEM, 2020; 1-5. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.51

Turner K, Carboni-Jiménez A, Benea C, Katharine E, Levis B, Boruff J, Roseman M, Bero L, Lexchin J, Turner EH, Benedetti A, Thombs BD. Reporting of drug trial funding sources and author financial conflicts of interest in Cochrane and non-Cochrane meta-analyses: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 2020; 10(5), e035633. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035633

Woolner V, Ahluwalia R, Lum H, Beane K, Avelino J, Chartier LB. Improving timely analgesia administration for musculoskeletal pain in the emergency department. BMJ Open Quality, 2020; 9(1), e000797. doi:10.1136/bmjoq-2019-000797

Ostrow O, Shim A, Azmat S, Zelinka A, Masood S, Chartier, LB. Pediatric Emergency Department Return Visits: An Innovative and Systematic Approach to Promote Quality Improvement and Patient Safety. Pediatr Emerg Care, 2020; [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 31977769. doi:10.1097/PEC.0000000000001999

Thull-Freedman, J, Mondoux, S, Stang, A, Chartier LB. Going to the COVID-19 Gemba: Using observation and high reliability strategies to achieve safety in a time of crisis. CJEM, 2020; 1-4. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.380

Mondoux S, Thull-Freedman J, Dowling S, Gardner K, Taher A, Gupta R, Trivedi S, Lindsay H, Finlayson A, Berthelot S, Kwok E,  Chartier LB. Quality improvement in the time of COVID-19 – a change strategy well suited to pandemic response. CJEM, 2020; 1-4. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.386

Nolan B, Chartier LB, Verbeek P, Huyer D, Mazurik L. Recommendations for emergency departments receiving patients with vital signs absent from paramedics during COVID-19. CJEM, 2020; 1-5. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.389

Lexchin J. Affordable Biologics for All. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(4):e204753. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4753

Hendin A, La Rivière, CG, Williscroft DM, O'Connor E, Hughes J, Fischer LM. End-of-life care in the Emergency Department for the patient imminently dying of a highly transmissible acute respiratory infection (such as COVID-19). CJEM, 2020; 1-5. doi:10.1017/cem.2020.352

Lexchin J, Rasmussen N. The rise and fall of the neurotic housewife: patient sex in psychotropic drug advertising to physicians 1946-1990. International Journal of Health Services 2020: DOI: 10.1177/0020731420912999

Benea C, Turner KA, Roseman M, Bero LA, Lexchin J, Turner EH, Thombs BD. Reporting of financial conflicts of interest in meta-analyses of drug trials published in high-impact medical journals: comparison of results from 2017 to 2018 and 2009. Systematic Reviews 2020;9:77

Hobday K, Zwi AB, Homer C, Kirkham R, Hulme J, Wate PZ, Prata N. Misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage in Mozambique: an analysis of the interface between human rights, maternal health and development. BMC International Health and Human Rights. 2020; 20(1):1-3. 

Lexchin J, Mintzes B. Opioid marketing to Canadian doctors hyped benefits, downplayed harms. The Conversation. March 10, 2020. Available at:

Lexchin J. Canada’s coronavirus aid package guards against drug shortages with compulsory licensing. The Conversation. March 30, 2020. Available at:


Sheikh H, Sunstein CR. Respecting autonomy: "Information first, then opinion" is more effective than "opinion first, then information". Journal of Behavioral Economics for Policy, 2019;3(2), 5-10. Available here:

Mintzes B, Fabbri A, Grundy Q, Spurling GKP, Lexchin J, McKenzie JE, Bero L. Information and promotional strategies by pharmaceutical companies for clinicians. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2019, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD013423. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD013423.

Sheikh H. CAEP Position Statement on Dental Care in Canada.

McDonald M, Lavelle C, Wen M, Sherbino J, Hulme J. The state of health advocacy training in postgraduate medical education: a scoping review. Medical Education 2019. doi: 10.1111/medu.13929.

Kumar T, Sheikh H. CAEP Statement Re: Universal Pharmacare. September 5, 2019.

Lexchin J. Re: should national pharmacare apply a value-based insurance design. CMAJ 2019.

Collier A,  Marton G, Chun S, Nijssen-Jordan C, Bartels SA, Pulfrey S, Lang E, Schull M, Landes M, Johnson K. CAEP 2018 Academic Symposium: Recommendations for developing and supporting Global Emergency Medicine in Canadian academic emergency departments and divisions. CJEM 2019;21(5):600–606.

Lexchin J. Leave the patchwork for the quilts: the case for pharmacare. The Conversation. August 25, 2019.

Lexchin J. Health Canada and big pharma: too close for comfort. The Conversation. July 12, 2019. 


Puchalski Ritchie LM, van Lettow M, Pham B, et al. What interventions are effective in improving uptake and retention of HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women and their infants in prevention of mother to child transmission care programmes in low-income and middle-income countries? A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 2019;9:e024907. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2018-024907

Lexchin J. Choosing Wisely Canada needs to start helping doctors to understand how commercial influences affect their prescribing. Healthcare Papers 2019;18(1):30-34

Lexchin J. Financial conflicts of interest of clinicians making submissions to the pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review: a descriptive study. BMJ Open 2019;9:e030750. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2019-030750

Gorfinkel I, Lexchin J. Enabling patient portals to access primary care medical records: maximizing collaboration in care between patients and providers. Healthcare Policy 2019;14(4):21-27

Elfassy, MD, Danho S, Adibfar A, Lexchin J. Direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medications: what the Canadian medical trainee needs to know. Canadian Medical Education Journal 2019;10(3):E113-E116

Thindwa D, Landes M, Lettow Mv, Kanyemba A, Nkhoma E, Phiri H, et al. (2019) Pregnancy intention and contraceptive use among HIV-positive Malawian women at 4-26 weeks postpartum: A nested cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE 14(4): e0215947.

Lexchin J, Menkes DB. Can direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs be effectively regulated? New Zealand Journal of Medicine 2019;132:59-65.

Landes M, van Lettow M, Nkhoma E, Tippett Barr B, Truwah Z, Shouten E, Jahn A, Auld A, Kalua T, van Oosterhout J. Low detectable postpartum viral load is associated with HIV transmission in Malawi’s prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme (2019) Journal  of  the  International  AIDS  Society, 22:e25290.

Landes M, Pfaff C, Zerihun M, Wondimagegn, SodhiS, Rouleau K, Kidd M. Calling non-governmental organisations to strengthen primary health care: Lessons following Alma-Ata.   (2019) African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family MedicineISSN: (Online) 2071-2936, (Print) 2071-2928

Kwok, E., Perry, J., Mondoux, S., & Chartier, L. An environmental scan of quality improvement and patient safety activities in emergency medicine in Canada. CJEM, 1-7. doi:10.1017/cem.2019.16

Khan Y, Tracey S, O’Sullivan T, Gournis E,  Johnson I. Retiring the Flip Phones: Exploring Social Media Use for Managing Public Health Incidents. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2019 Jun 20:1-9. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2018.147. [Epub ahead of print]

Chartier, L., Mondoux, S., Stang, A. et al. How do emergency departments and emergency leaders catalyze positive change through quality improvement collaborations? CJEM, 1-8. doi:10.1017/cem.2019.25

Braillon A, Lexchin J. Innovation and off-label use, the French case and more. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2019.

Lexchin J. Declarations of interest by members of Health Canada’s
special advisory committees and panels: a descriptive study. CMAJ OPEN. 2019;7(2).

Lexchin J. Pharmaceutical Industry-Initiated Postapproval Studies- Not Requested by the US FDA, Little Value, and Many Questions. JAMA Network Open. 2019;2(5):e193392. 

Puchalski Ritchie L, Debebe F, Azazh A. Barriers to and facilitators of the development and utilization of context appropriate evidence based clinical algorithms to optimize clinical care and patient outcomes in the Tikur Anbessa emergency department: a multi-component qualitative study.  BMC Health Services Research. 2019 19:181.

Lexchin J. Increase in drug spending in Canada due to extension of data protection for biologics: a descriptive study. Healthcare Policy 2019;14(3):10-18.

Lexchin J, Herder M, Doshi P. Canada finally opens up data on new drugs and devices: Other regulators should take note of Health Canada’s substantive reforms. BMJ 2019;365:l1825 doi: 10.1136/bmj.l1825 

Bryan J. Trust me, I'm a doctor: Public trust in the Information Age. CMAJ. Published on: 14 April 2019.

Braillon A, Lexchin J, Blumsohn A, Hengartner MP. Pharmaceuticalisation of life. BMJ. Posted on-line April 10, 2019.

Lexchin J. RE: New CMAJ policy on competing interests in guidelines. Published on-line April 3, 2019.

Groot E, Caturay A, Khan Y, Copes R. A systematic review of the health impacts of occupational exposure to wildland fires. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 2019;32(2):121 – 140

Torka M, Mintzes B, Bhasale A, Fabbri A, Perry L, Lexchin J. Secret safety warnings on medicines: a case study of information access requests. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 2019;DOI: 10.1002/pds.4762

Lexchin J. Federal budget: A Canadian Drug Agency and rare disease funding are not enough. The Conversation. March 20, 2019. 

Lexchin J. Association between commercial funding of Canadian patient groups and their views about funding of medicines: an observational study. PLoS One 2019;14:e0212399.

Lexchin J. How Big Pharma’s free samples encourage your doctor to prescribe more expensive drugs. The Conversation. February 10, 2019. 

Lee DS, Lee JS, Schull MJ, Borgundvaag B, Edmonds ML, Ivankovic M, McLeod SL, Dreyer JF, Sabbah S, Levy PD, O’Neill T, Chong A, Stukel TA, Austin PC, Tu JV. Prospective Validation of the Emergency Heart Failure Mortality Risk Grade for Acute Heart Failure.  Circulation. 2019;139:1146–1156.

Laytin Ad, Azazh A, Girma B, Debebe F, Beza L, Seid H, Landes M, Wytsma J, Reynolds TA. Mixed methods process evaluation of pilot implementation of the African Federation for Emergency Medicine trauma data project protocol in Ethiopia. 2019  African Journal of Emergency Medicine,

Bavli I, Lexchin J. Why Big Pharma must dislocse payments to patient groups. The Conversation. January 14, 2019.  

Ågotnes G, McGregor MJ, Lexchin J, Doupe MB, Müller B, Harrington C. An international mapping of medical care in nursing homes. Health Services Insights 2019;12:1-12

O’Brien T,  Ivers N, Bhattacharyya O, Calzavara A, Pus L, Mukerji G, Friedman SM, Abrams H, Stanaitis I, Hawker GA, Pariser P. A multifaceted primary care practice-based intervention to reduce ED visits and hospitalization for complex medical patients: A mixed methods study. PLoS ONE. 2019; 14(1): e0209241.

Delaigue S, Bonnardot L, Steichen O, Garcia DM, Venugopal R, Saint-Sauveur JF, Wootton R.  Seven years of telemedicine in Médecins Sans Frontières demonstrate that offering direct specialist expertise in the frontline brings clinical and educational value.  J Glob Health. 2018 Dec;8(2):020414.

Lexchin J. Health Canada’s use of its Notice of Compliance with Conditions drug approval policy: a retrospective cohort analysis. International Journal of Health Services 2018.


Tippett Barr BA, van Lettow M, van Oosterhout JJ, Landes M, Shiraishi RW, Amene E et al. National estimates and risk factors associated with early mother-to-child transmission of HIV after implementation of option B+: a cross-sectional analysis. Lancet HIV 2018; (published online Nov 19.)

Baia Medeiros DT, Hahn-Goldberg S, O’Connor E,  Aleman DM. Analysis of emergency department length of stay for mental health visits: A case study of a Canadian academic hospital. CJEM. 2018:1-10.

Khan Y, O’Sullivan T, Brown A, Tracey S, Gibson J,  Généreux M, Henry B, Schwartz B. Public health emergency preparedness: a framework to promote resilience. BMC Public Health. 2018. 18:1344. 

Innes G, Sivilotti M, Ovens H, McLelland K, Dukelow A,  Kwok E, Chopra A, Cheng I, Kalla D, Mackinnon D, Sing C, Barclay N, Ross T, Chochinov A. Emergency overcrowding and access block: A smaller problem than we think. CJEM 2018:1–9.

Puchalski Ritchie L, Straus S. Assessing Organizational Readiness for Change; Comment on “Development and Content Validation of a Transcultural Instrument to Assess Organizational Readiness for Knowledge Translation in Healthcare Organizations: The OR4KT”. Int J Health Policy Manag 2018:1-3.

Mbuagbaw L, Mertz D, Lawson D, Smieja M, Benoit A, Alvarez E, Puchalski Ritchie L, Rachlis B, Logie C, Husbands W, Margolese S, Thabane L. Strategies to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy and retention in care for people living with HIV in high-income countries: a protocol for an overview of systematic reviews. BMJ Open 2018;8:e022982. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2018-022982.

Cameron, A, Carr, D.  Not Always a Benign Condition:  Infectious Mononucleosis Associated Acalculous Cholecystitis. CJEM 2018 March 1; 1-3.

Gorkinkel I, Lexchin J. A call to mandate patient access to personal primary care medical records across Canada. CMAJ 2018;190:E869-70

Grootendorst P, Shim M, Falconi A, Robinson T, Lexchin J. Intellectual property protection and drug plan coverage: evidence from Ontario. International Journal of Health Services 2018.

Lundh A, Lexchin J, Mintzes B, Schroll JB, Bero L. Industry sponsorship and research outcome: systematic review with meta-analysis. Intensive Care Medicine 2018:

Wiktorowicz M, Moscou K, Lexchin J. Transnational pharmacogovernance: emergent patterns in the jazz of pharmaceutical policy convergence. Globalization and Health 2018;14:86.

Lexchin J. Health Canada’s use of expedited review pathways and therapeutic innovation, 1995–2016: cross-sectional analysis. BMJ Open 2018;8:e023605. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2018-023605.

Lexchin J. Cost recovery by Health Canada and drug safety: a time-series analysis. CMAJ Open 2018;6:E471-477.

Lexchin J. Editorial. Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology 2018;25:e31-e32.

Schiff GD, Martin SA, Eidelman DH, Volk LA, Ruan E, Cassel C, Galanter W, Johnson M, Jutel A, Kroenke K, Lambert BL, Lexchin J, Myers S, Miller A, Mushlin S, Sanders L, Sheikh A. Ten principles for more conservative, care-full diagnosis. Annals of Internal Medicine 2018:doi:10.7326/M18-1468.

Hobday K, Hulme J, Belton S, Homer C, Prata N, Wate P. Providers of last resort: The Role of Traditional Birth Attendants in the distribution of misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage. Oral presentation. 2018 Network TUFH Conference. Limerick, Ireland. August 16-20, 2018 [abstract].

Khan Y, O’Sullivan T, Brown A, Tracey S, Gibson J, Genereux M, Henry B, Schwartz B. Public health emergency preparedness: A framework for resilience. BMC Public Health. 2018 Jul.

Khan Y, Tracey S, O’Sullivan T, Gournis E, Johnson I. Retiring the flip phones: Exploring social media use for managing emerging public health incidents. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. 2018 Jul.

Banerjee A, James R, McGregor M, Lexchin J. Nursing home physicians discuss caring for elderly residents: an exploratory study. Canadian Journal on Aging 2018;37:133-144.

CI Capraru, SM Friedman, K Bates, T Mazzulli, D Porplycia, B McCormack, AM Vanderhoff, BE Hansen, H Shah, HL Janssen, JJ Feld. Evaluation of birth cohort hepatitis C screening program in an academic emergency department. J Viral Hepat, 25: 162-162. doi:10.1111/jvh.226_12923 [abstract].

CI Capraru, BE Hansen, AM Vanderhoff, SM Friedman, K Bates, T Mazzulli, D Porplycia, B McCormack, JV Jua, H‐M Jung, H Shah, JJ Feld, HL Janssen.  Evaluation of hepatitis C screening strategies in different community settings in a Canadian metropolitan area. J Viral Hepat, 25: 166-167. doi:10.1111/jvh.234_12923 [abstract].

Gaffney A, Lexchin J, US, Canadian Pharmaceutical Policy Reform Working Group. Healing an ailing pharmaceutical system: prescription for reform for United States and Canada. BMJ 2018;361:k1039.

Argintaru N, Vaillancourt S, Chartier LB, Lee JS, O’Connor E, Hannam P, Ovens HJ, McGowan M, Steinberg L, Quinn K. Discerning perceived barriers and facilitators to goals of care discussion in the emergency department: A survey of emergency physicians and residents. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2018 May.

Friedman, SM., Al-Den, A., & Porplycia, D. (2018). P051: Management of subcutaneous abscesses in the emergency department. CJEM, 20(S1), S74-S75. doi:10.1017/cem.2018.249 [abstract].

Alves T, Mintzes B, Lexchin J. Medicines information and the regulation of the promotion of pharmaceuticals. Science and Engineering Ethics 2018: 

Medeiros D, Hahn-Goldberg S, O’Connor E, Aleman D. Analysis of emergency department length of stay for mental health visits: a case study of a Canadian academic hospital. CJEM. 2018 May. In Press.

Forristal, C., Hayman, K., Smith, N., Mal., Columbus, M., Farooki, N., Ouellette, D. (2018). LO43: Perceptions of airway checklists and the utility of simulation in their implementation emergency medicine practitioner perspectives. CJEM, 20(S1), S21-S22. Doi: 10.1017/ceem.2018.105.

Forristal, C., Hayman, K., Smith, N., Mal., Columbus, M., Farooki, N., Ouellette, D. (2018). LO43: Does utilization of an intubation safety checklist reduce dangerous omissions during simulated resuscitation scenarios? CJEM, 20(S1), S18-S19. Doi: 10.1017/ceem.2018.96.

Khan Y, Leung G, Belanger P, Gournis E, Buckeridge D, Liu L, Li L, Johnson I. Comparing Twitter data to routine data sources in public health surveillance for the 2015 Pan/Parapan American Games: An ecological study. Can J Public Health. 2018 Apr 20.  

Choi, J., & Atlin, C. R. (2018). Path of least resistance: how computerised provider order entry can lead to (and reduce) wasteful practices. BMJ Open Qual, 7(2), e000345.

Gatov J, Hulme J, Sheikh H, Xie E, Kurdyak P. Burden of Alcohol Use Disorders i the Emergency Department: A Population-Based Cohort Study in Ontario Canada. 2018 Canadian Associational for Health Services and Policy Research (CAHSPR) Montreal, Quebec [abstract].

Groot E, Caturay A, Khan Y, Copes R. Systematic review of the health impacts of occupational exposure to wildland fires. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. 2018 Jul 18. In Press.

Lexchin J. Quality of evidence considered by Health Canada in granting full market  authorisation to new drugs with a conditional approval: a retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open 2018;8:e020377.

Ben-Yakov, M, Boutis, K. Low risk ankle injuries in children CMAJ, March 26, 2018; 190(12):E367.DO1:10.1503/cmaj.170965.

Cameron, A, Carr, D.  Not Always a Benign Condition:  Infectious Mononucleosis Associated Acalculous Cholecystitis. CJEM 2018 March 1; 1-3.

Lexchin J. Pharmaceutical company spending on research and development and promotion in Canada, 2013-2016: a cohort analysis. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice 2018;11:5.

Lexchin J, Kohler J, Gagnon M-A, Crombie J, Thacker P, Shnier A. Combating corrupt- ion in the pharmaceutical arena. Indian J Med Ethics. Published online on March 15, 2018. DOI:10.20529/IJME.2018.022.

Lexchin J. The pharmaceutical industry in contemporary capitalism. Monthly Review 2018;69(10). (Adapted from: Lexchin J. The pharmaceutical industry in the context of contemporary capitalism. In: Waitzkin H ed. Health care under the knife: moving beyond capitalism for our health. New York: Monthly Review Press, 2018:83-98.)

Lexchin J. The pharmaceutical industry in the context of contemporary capitalism. In: Waitzkin H ed. Health care under the knife: moving beyond capitalism for our health. New York: Monthly Review Press, 2018:83-98.

Lee, R, Carr, D.  “Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD). An Etiology of Chest Pain in the Young Female Patient. CJEM 2018. Feb  22; 1-6.

Reynolds E, Guénette L, Lexchin J, Cassels A, Wilkes MS, Durrieu G, Beaulieu M-D, Mintzes B. Reconciling a “pleasant exchange” with evidence of information bias: a three-country study on pharmaceutical sales visits in primary care. Health Policy 2018;122:25-255


Argintaru, N, Carr, D.  Retropharyngeal Abscess: A subtle Presentation of a Deep Space Neck Infection.  Journal of Emergency Medicine (JEM). October 2017 Vol 53 Issue 4: 568-569.

Ben-Yakov M, Mattu A, Brady WJ, Dubbs SB. Prinzmetal angina (coronary vasospasm) associated with

5-fluorouracil chemotherapy. Am J Emerg Med. 2017 March.

Ben-Yakov, M, Scott, O. Young Girl with Swollen Wrists and Ankles: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Aug. 2017; 70(2):261-264.    

Choi, J., Ensafi, S., Chartier, L. B., & Van Praet, O. A quality improvement initiative to decrease the rate of solitary blood cultures in the emergency department. 2017. Academic Emergency Medicine, 24(9), 1080-1087.

Cosgrove L, Shaughnessy AF, Peters SM, Lexchin J, Bursztajn H, Bero L. Conflicts of

interest and the presence of methodologists on guideline development panels: a cross-sectional study of clinical practice guidelines for major depressive disorder. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2017;86:168-170.

Evans A, Hulme J, Nugus P, Cranmer H, Coutu M, Johnson K. An electronic competency-based evaluation tool for assessing humanitarian competencies in a simulated exercise. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017;32(2):1-8.

Gleeson D, Lexchin J, Lopert R, Kilic B. The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement,

intellectual property and medicines: differential outcomes for developed and developing countries. Global Social Policy 2017;1-21.

Gleeson D, Townsend B, Lopert R, Lexchin J, Moir H. Financial costs associated with monopolies on biologic medicines in Australia. Australian Health Review 2017;

Gorkinkel I, Lexchin J. We need to mandate drug cost transparency on electronic medical records. CMAJ 2017;189:E1541-2.

Habibi R, Lexchin J, Mintzes B, Holbrook A. Unwarranted claims of drug efficacy in pharmaceutical sales visits: are drugs approved on the basis of surrogate outcomes promoted appropriately? British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2017;83:2549-2556.

Hart, Alexander, Plenk, K, Carr, D.  Sweet Syndrome Presenting as A Febrile Rash in a Returning Traveler. CJEM 2017 May 23. Published Online.

Hobday K, Hulme J, Belton S, Homer C, Prata N. Community-based misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage: a narrative review of the evidence base, barriers and scale-up.  Global Public Health. 2017 Mar 30: 1-17.

Khan Y, Sanford S, Sider D, Moore K, Garber G, de Villa E, Schwartz B. Effective communication of public health guidance to emergency department clinicians in the setting of emerging incidents: a qualitative study and framework. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Apr 28;17(1):312.

Khan Y, O’Sullivan T, Gibson J, Brown A, Henry B, Genereux M, Nayani S, Tracey S, Schwartz B. Conceptualizing public health emergency preparedness. Prehospital Disaster Medicine. 2017 Apr;32(1):s197-s198 [abstract].

Lexchin J. Drug approval status and recommendations for listing on public formularies: a Canadian cohort analysis. BMJ Open 2017;7:e018372.

Lexchin J. The relationship between promotional spending on drugs and their therapeutic gain: a cohort analysis. CMAJ Open 2017;5:E724-728.

Lexchin J. The pharmaceutical industry and the Canadian Government: Folie à Deux. Healthcare Policy 2017;13:10-16.

Lexchin J. Market exclusivity time for top selling originator drugs in Canada: a cohort study. Value in Health 2017;20:1139-1142.

Lexchin J. Myths and realities about why prescription drug prices in the United States are so high. Pharmaceutical Medicine 2017;31:143-148.

Lexchin J. Publication of confirmatory studies required by Health Canada for drugs approved under a Notice of Compliance with conditions: a cohort study. CMAJ Open 2017;5:E295-E300.

Lexchin J. Six myths about pharmacare. Health Law in Canada 2017;37(2&3):44-51.

Liao, E, Carr, D.  A Tale of a Black Eschar in a Returning Traveler. Journal of Emergency Medicine (JEM). December 2017 Vol 53 Issue 6: 904-906. 

Lundh A, Lexchin J, Mintzes B, Schroll JB, Bero L. Industry sponsorship and research outcome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 2. Art. No.: MR000033. Doi: 10.1002/14651858.MROOOO33.pub3.

Meshkat N, Fremes E, Hunchak C. Design and Implementation of a Postgraduate Curriculum to Support the First Emergency Medicine Residency Training Program in Ethiopia: The Toronto Addis Ababa Academic Collaboration in Emergency Medicine (TAAAC-EM). BMC Medical Education. 2017 Dec.

Shaughnessy AF, Vaswani A, Andrews BK, Erlich DR, D’Amico F, Lexchin J, Cosgrove L. Developing a clinician friendly tool to identify useful clinical practice guidelines: G-TRUST. Annals of Family Medicine 2017;15:413-18.

Shnier A, Lexchin J. Continuing medical education and pharmaceutical industry involvement: an evaluation of policies adopted by Canadian professional medical associations. International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine 2017;29:1-16.

Strobel, S, Ben-Yakov, M, Tessaro, M and Boutis, K.  Intwosusception: A Case report of two sisters presenting simultaneous with intussusception. Canadian Family Physician, 2017 Nov; 63(11):863-865.

Wentlandt K, Weiss A, O’Connor E, Kaya E. Palliative and End of Life Care in Solid Organ Transplantation. American Journal of Transplantation. 2017 Dec;17(12):3008-3019.


Ben-Yakov, M and Boutis, K. Five things to know about buckle fractures of the forearm in kids. CMAJ.

2016 Apr; 188(7), 527.

Davis C, Lexchin J, Jefferson T, Gøtzsche P, McKee M. “Adaptive pathways” to drug authorization: adapting to industry? BMJ 2016;354:i4437.

Habibi R, Guénette L, Lexchin J, Reynolds E, Wiktorowicz M, Mintzes M. Regulating information or allowing deception? Pharmaceutical sales visits in Canada, France, and the United States. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 2016;44:602-13.

Cho, D, Berliner, Y, Carr, D. Deadly case of Pasteurella multocida Aortitis and mycotic aneurysm following a cat bite. World Journal of Clinical Cases. 2016 Jun 16;4(6):142-145.

Friedman, SM, Kuipers M, Ackery A. HEADSTRONG: Helmet Education, Advocacy, Distribution and Social Media Trial to Reduce Obstacles and Nudge Group Behaviour. Can J Emerg Med  May, 2016: 18 (Suppl 1) P S93 [abstract].

Hulme J. Morovac C, Ahmad F, Cleverly S, Lofters S, Ginsburg O, Dunn S. “I want to save my life”: Conceptions of cervical and breast cancer screening among urban immigrant women. BMC Public Health.  2016;16:1077.

Khan Y, Barnett DJ. Zika Virus Infection and the Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis: A Study in Surprising Commonalities. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2016 Apr 1;10(2):181-2.

La Rochelle P, Lexchin J, Simonyan D. Analysis of the drugs withdrawn from the US market from 1976 to 2010 for safety reasons. Pharmaceutical Medicine 2016 DOI: 10.1007/s40290-016-0159-1.

Lampard B, Coppock K, Johnson K, Kayden S, Liu J, Mcharg M, Parmar PK, Spitzer MC, Venugopal R. Global Humanitarian Medicine and Disaster Relief (Ch. 84). In: Paul S. Auerbach, Tracy A. Cushing, N. Stuart Harris, editor(s). Auerbach’s Wilderness Medicine. 7. Philadelphia (United States): Elsevier; 2016. p. 1885-1919.

Lexchin J. How safe and innovative are first-in-class drugs approved by Health Canada: a cohort study. Healthcare Policy 2016;12:65-75.

Lexchin J, Gleeson D. The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement and pharmaceutical regulation in Canada and Australia. International Journal of Health Services 2016;46:597-613.

Lexchin J. Private profits vs Public Policy: The Pharmaceutical Industry and the Canadian State. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016.

Lexchin J. The pharmaceutical industry and Health Canada: values in conflict. In: Germov J, Hornosty J eds. Second opinion: an introduction to health sociology, second Canadian edition. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2016:308-327.

Morgan SG, Gagnon M-A, Mintzes B, Lexchin J. A better prescription: advice for a national strategy on pharmaceutical policy in Canada. Healthcare Policy 2016;12(1):18-36.

Petrie D, Chopra A, Chochinov A, Artz J, Schull M, Tallon J, Jones, G, MacPhee S, Ackerman M, Stiell I, Christenson J. CAEP 2015 Academic Symposium: Recommendations for Universtiy Governance and Administration for Emergency Medicine. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(S1), pp 18-25, 2016.

Rajaram N, Hohenadel K, Gattoni L, Khan Y, Birk-Urovitz E, Li L, Schwartz B. Assessing health impacts of the December 2013 Ice storm in Ontario, Canada. BMC Public Health. 2016 Jul 11;16:544. Available from:

Riggan MA, Hayman K, Chen BC, Hoffman RS. Phenobarbital for acute alcohol withdrawal: a prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Emerg Med. 2016 Jun;50(6):895-6.

Ronald LA, McGregor MJ, Harrington C, Pollock A, Lexchin J. Observational evidence

of for-profit delivery and inferior nursing home care: when is there enough evidence for policy change? PLoS Medicine 2016;13:e1001995.

Shaughnessy AF, Cosgrove L, Lexchin JR. The need to systematically evaluate clinical practice guidelines. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 2016;29:644-648.

Shnier A, Lexchin J, Romero M, Brown K. Reporting of financial conflicts of interest in clinical practice guidelines: a case study analysis of guidelines from the Canadian Medical Association Infobase. BMC Health Services Research 2016;16:383.


Ben-Yakov, M, Desjardins, MP, Fischer, JW. Emergency point-of-care ultrasound detection of papilledema in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015 Nov;31(11):766-70.

Ben-Yakov, M, Kapral M, Fang, J, Li, S, Vermeullian, M and Schull, M. The effect of Emergency Department crowding on physicians’ decisions to admit patients with transient ischemic attack or minor stroke.  Acad Emerg Med. 2015 Oct. 22(10):1145-54.

Ben-Yakov, M; Kayssi, Ahmed; Di Bernardo, Jennifer; Hicks, Christopher; & Devon, Karen. (2015). Do Emergency Physicians and Medical Students Find It Unethical to ‘Look up’ Their Patients on Facebook or Google?. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2015. 16(2).

Carr D. Occlusive Arterial Disease. In: Tintinalli’s Emergency Medicine. Eighth Edition. 2015. Fall.

Chiu Y, Bero L, Hessol NA, Lexchin J, Harrington C. A literature review of clinical outcomes associated with antipsychotic medication use in North American nursing home residents. Health Policy 2015;119:802-813.

Cripton PA, Shen H, Brubacher JR, Chipman M, Friedman SM, Harris MA, Winters M, Reynolds CCO, Cusimano MD, Babul S, Teschke K. Severity of urban cycling injuries and the relationship with personal, trip, route and crash characteristics: Analyses using four severity metrics. BMJ Open 2015; 5:e006654.

Dalseg TR, Lisa A, Calder LA, et al. Outcome Feedback within Emergency Medicine Training Programs: An Opportunity to Apply the Theory of Deliberate Practice? 2015. CJEM.

Friedman SM, Adamson M, Cleiman P, Arenovich T, Oleksak K, Ta R, Reiter K, Mohabir IM. Helmet wearing practices and barriers to use in Toronto bike-share (Bixi) users: A case-control study. Can J Emerg Med. June, 2015. 18(1):1-9.

Hohl C, Lexchin JR, Balka E. Can reporting of adverse drug reactions create safer systems while improving health data? CMAJ 2015;187:789-90.

Hohl CM, Wickham ME, Sobolev B, Perry JJ, Sivilotti MLA, Garrison S, Lang E, Brasher P, Doyle-Waters MM, Brar B, Rowe BH, Lexchin J, Holland R. The effect of early in-hospital medication review on health outcomes: a systematic review. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2015;80:51-61.

Hulme J, Norman W, Dunn S, Soon J, Guilbert E. Barriers and facilitators to family planning access in Canada: stakeholder input on implications for health system and policy reform. Health Policy. 2015.10(3):48-63.

Hunchak C, Teklu S, Meshkat N, Meaney C, Puchalski Ritchie L. Patterns and
predictors of early mortality in the Tikur Anbessa Hospital Emergency Department in
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A prospective study. BMC Research Notes. 2015 Nov;8(605).

Hayman KG, Sharma D, Wardlow RD, Singh S. Burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in humanitarian emergencies: A systematic review. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 2015 Feb;30(1):80-8.

Khan Y, Fazli G, Henry B, de Villa E, Tsamis C, Grant M, Schwartz B. The evidence base of primary research in public health emergency preparedness: a scoping review and stakeholder consultation. BMC Public Health. 2015 Apr 28;15(1):432 (Trainee publication, Ghazal Fazli, MPH student).

Khan Y, Sanford S, Sider D, Moore K, Garber G, Schwartz B. Advancing effective communication of public health guidance to emergency department clinicians in the setting of emerging public health incidents. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 2015 Apr;30(Supplement 1):s46 [abstract].

Lexchin J. Drug pricing in Canada. In: Babar Z-U-D ed. Pharmaceutical prices in the 21st century. Springer International Publishing Switzerland. 2015:25-41.

Lexchin J. Formulary status of drugs in Ontario after Health Canada has issued a serious safety warning: a cohort study. International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine 2015;27:135-142.

Lexchin J, Ahmed T. Postmarket safety of drugs approved by Health Canada on the basis of clinical and surrogate outcomes: a cohort study. CMAJ Open 2015;3:E286-E291.

Lexchin J. Health Canada’s use of its priority review process for new drugs: a cohort study. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006816 (Correction: BMJ Open 2015;5:9e006816corr1).

Lexchin J. Post-market safety warnings for drugs approved in Canada under the Notice of Compliance with conditions policy. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2015;79:847-859.

Lexchin J. Why are there deadly medicines? BMC Medicine 2015;13:27.

Light DW, Lexchin J. Why do cancer drugs get such an easy ride? BMJ 2015;350:h2068.

Light DW, Lexchin J. The FDA’s new clothes. BMJ 2015;351:h4897.

Mintzes B, Lexchin J, Santos Quintano A-L. Clinical trial transparency: many gains but access to evidence for new medicines remains imperfect. British Medical Bulletin 2015;116:43-53.

O’Brien T, Stanaitis I, Ivers N, Pariser P, Friedman SM, Abrams H, Mukerji G, Pus L, Hawker G. A Multifaceted Primary Care Practice-Based Intervention to Reduce ED Visits and Hospitalization for Complex Patients. Abstracts from the 38th Annual Meeting of the Society of General Internal Medicine. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2015;30(Suppl 2):45-551. doi:10.1007/s11606-015-3271-0 [abstract].

Sharma D, Hayman K, Stewart B, Dominguez L, Trelles M, Saqeb S, Kasonga C, Hani T, Mupenda J, Naseer A, Wong E, Kushner A. Care of surgical infections by Medicins Sans Frontieres Operations Centre Brussels in 2008-14. Lancet. 2015 Apr;387:Suppl 2:S31.

Sharma D, Hayman K, Stewart B, Dominguez L, Trelles M, Saqeb S, Kasonga C, Hani T, Mupenda J, Naseer A, Wong E, Kushner A. Surgery for conditions of infectious etiology in resource-limited countries affected by crisis: the Medicins Sans Frontieres Operations Centre Brussels Experience. Surgical Infections. 2015 Dec;16(6):721-7.

Webster F, Christian J, Mansfield E, Akhtar S, Bhatia S, Bhattacharyya, O, Dorian P, Hawker G, Levinson W, Meshkat N, Mohammed T, naglie G, Mark N, Thuynga P, Rose L, Schull M, Sinha S, Smith T, Stergiopolos V, Upshur R, Wilson L, Trevor L. Capturing the experiences of patients across multiple complex interventions: a pragmatic qualitative approach. BMJ Open. 2015 Sep;5(9).

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